Perodua Noutica 4WD

0 comments Friday, 9 May 2008


The new Nautica SUV which was launched this afternoon signals a new phase in the evolution of Perodua. The name seems appropriate since ‘nautica’, derived from ‘nautical’, brings to mind sailing into uncharted waters and Perodua is now going into new territory in its 15th year of existence. This is the first time that Perodua is not building its own model and instead importing it as a completely built-up unit (CBU) from Japan, a move that critics say is a departure from its original mission and also not appropriate for a national car company.

The critics do not realize that Perodua has not received any import duty concessions for the Nautica (in fact, it even needs APs to import the model) and nowhere does it present the new model as a ‘national’ model. The Kembara, which was made locally, was originally portrayed as a ‘national SUV’ but the Nautica is just ‘a new compact SUV in the Perodua line-up’.

The reason why Perodua has chosen not to make the Nautica locally is that the potential sales volume is insufficient to justify the investment that would be needed. Basically, the SUV segment is no longer as large as it was 10 years ago when the Kembara was launched. Consumer preferences have changed and last year, more MPVs and pick-ups were sold than SUVs. So the SUV segment is not substantial and even the best-selling SUV, the Honda CR-V, only averaged about 443 units a month in 2007.

Perodua estimates that the successor to the Kembara would draw about 200 buyers a month at most and while making 2,400 units a year locally is possible, the question is whether it will be worth the investment and whether it will be a CKD assembly approach or manufacturing (which means stamping body panels). There are companies which do assemble less than 3,000 units a year but their plants are geared towards smaller volumes than what Perodua today produces.

What many do not realize is that Perodua, after 15 years, is no longer comparable to the other assembly plants in the country; it has evolved into a full-fledged manufacturing operation with an annual capacity of 250,000 units. In fact, even from the start, it was already manufacturing rather than assembling because it was stamping its own body panels, an aspect of the car-making process which requires high investments and therefore high volumes. Over the years, further investments in more advanced equipment for more efficient, higher quality manufacturing and increased automation have all taken Perodua to a point where it can no longer do small volumes.


“We should not be so hung up on national pride and be forced into doing things which do not make business sense,” said Datuk Syed Abdull Hafiz bin Syed Abu Bakar, MD of Perodua. “We will still make high-volume models with high quality and offer them at affordable prices and we will also continue to bring in new technology. Such technology is not just in engines but also in manufacturing and an example is how we have used the latest manufacturing processes to push the defect rate per unit down to 0.2, which is a very big improvement from the time we started.”

Of course, the company could have simply not bothered with a successor to the Kembara but in the past couple of years, it has become apparent that when someone walks into a Perodua showroom, the only models they see are the Myvi or Viva. The Rusa van and Kembara were phased out some time back and the Kancil and Kelisa are also gone while the Kenari is likely to fade away before long. So for 2007, it was decided that an additional model was needed and the Nautica was considered a suitable one which could also continue the ‘legacy’ of the Kembara even if it won’t capture the all-time high of 64% of the SUV market as the Kembara did in 1999.

The first thing most people will remark is that the Nautica looks like the Toyota Rush and yes, it is a shorter version. From various conversations with Perodua, Daihatsu and Toyota engineers, the Daihatsu BeGo/Terios from which the Nautica is derived is the ‘standard’ wheelbase model and Toyota adapted the platform to use for the Rush for Asean in order to get a 3-row SUV (and also uses the same platform for the Avanza).

Dimensional differences are therefore visually noticeable since the Rush has to accommodate three rows of seats. The wheelbase is almost 100 mm longer while the body is about 300 mm longer but the width is the same for both models. However, Perodua’s marketing people do not regard the Rush as a direct rival since that is aimed at a more family-oriented target group which needs a 7-seater. So if it is not competing with the Rush, then the Nautica is actually in a segment on its own as other 2-row SUVs are larger and cost more with the exception of the Chery Tiggo from China.

Compared to the Kembara, the Nautica is a larger vehicle in all ways: 160 mm longer wheelbase, 240 mm more length, 140 mm more width and it even stands 25 mm taller. The larger platform has allowed the wheels to be pushed further apart, which is better for stability. The centre of gravity is lower as the width-to-height ratio of the Nautica is 1.02 whereas for the Kembara, it was 1.10. Of course, the larger body means more metal and glass and it’s not surprising that the kerb weight has risen to 1200 kgs, about 10% heavier than the Kembara.

Nautica (left) has a bolder bumper design than the Daihatsu version sold in Japan. Bumpers are made in Malaysia

Although the Nautica is derived from the Daihatsu Terios/BeGo, its looks are not 100% identical if you look closely. The grille, with its Perodua badge, is an obvious difference but compare the front bumper of the Terios with the Nautica and you will see that the Nautica’s is ‘bolder’. To provide a bit of differentiation, Perodua’s designers reshaped the bumper a bit and this meant that the bumper had to be made locally (along with the grille). The rear bumper is also made in Malaysia and incorporates reverse sensors from a local supplier.

One thing which people don’t appreciate is the colour-matching of the bumper to the bodywork. Both parts are done separately and usually in different facilities so the fact that you can’t see a difference in the colour between the bumper and the body is evidence of how well the matching is done. Add to this the fact that the paint used is also different because the bumpers are of a smoother plastic material and not steel.

Chassis may have same hybrid monocoque design as Rush/Avanza but additional reinforcements (circled) increase rigidity by 30% for the Nautica


Rear suspension

The structure of the Nautica is monocoque, like a passenger car’s, so it is also rigid. However, the monocoque concept is a hybrid type with the chassis frame welded into the chassis and the chassis itself is welded with the upper bodyshell as a single unit. This approach gives extra strength and also better load-carrying.

Perodua engineers point out that although there are similarities to the Rush/Avanza platform, the one used under the Nautica has additional reinforcement which increases body rigidity by 30%. The additional rigidity is considered useful since the Nautica is likely to be driven by younger people who would probably drive in a ‘spirited’ style.

The suspension is a simple layout consisting of MacPherson struts in front and a 5-link arrangement to locate the live rear axle. Coil springs and telescopic dampers are used front and rear. As for brakes, again a fairly conventional disc/drum set-up while the steering is a rack and pinion type with hydraulic power assistance.

The Nautica has a 1.5-litre (1495 cc) DVVT petrol engine with a DOHC, 16-valve aluminium cylinder head and cast iron block. This is the largest engine now offered by Perodua as the Rusa van, which had a 1.6-litre engine, is no longer in production.

The compression ratio of the engine is around 10.0:1 but it is tuned to run on RON92 petrol without problems. In this state of tune, it produces 80 kW/108.8 bhp of power at 6000 rpm and 141 Nm of torque at 4400 rpm. DVVT, the variable valve-timing mechanism, enhances driveability throughout the rev range which, in turn, helps in fuel economy and promotes more complete combustion for less toxic emissions.

Only a 4-speed automatic transmission is available but the drivetrain is a full-time 4WD, like the Kembara’s. The use of 4WD in small models is not new in Japan and many of the manufacturers have provided it as a means to improve stability on slippery surfaces like ice and snow, and not for off-road capability. Thus the 4WD in the Nautica is essentially a ‘mild’ system that will come in useful on wet roads and also for casual off-road driving. Don’t expect it to perform like a Toyota Land Cruiser just because it has 4WD and in any case, the Dunlop Grandtrek tyres (215/65R16) are not intended for extreme conditions.

1.5-litre DVVT engine is largest currently offered in a Perodua model

As with the Kembara, the Nautica’s 4WD system also comes with a Centre Differential Lock (CDL) which, when activated by pressing a button on the dashboard, locks the front and rear axles so they rotate at the same rate. If unlocked – the normal mode – the wheels on the front and rear can rotate at different speeds to compensate for slip and surface conditions that vary grip. This is important to avoid excessive wear as a locking them can cause some wheels to be dragged along. Thus it is important that the CDL be used only in very difficult situations, ie very muddy ground when the Nautica is stuck, to ensure that equal torque goes to each wheel to get whatever grip is available. Not many small SUVs have this feature and not many people understand it either!

Moving inside the Nautica, it will be immediately evident that it is very different from the Kembara. The earlier SUV was small and the cabin was compact but the Nautica offers a lot more space with its wider body. Those who felt the Kembara’s seating made them too ‘intimate’ with their passengers will be pleased with the extra elbow room and also the larger seats. The driver’s seating position is high, like in the Kembara, something which was a major reason for many people buying the SUV.

The dashboard has a modern appearance with metallic trim for the centre console area and around the instrument panel which has 3 separate meters (but no coolant temperature gauge). It looks better than the one in the Rush which has a ‘cheaper’ appearance. If you closely study the three knobs (for controlling the air-conditioning/ventilation system), you will notice that they are different from those in the Rush (which has only two knobs and one slider) and are the same ones as used in the latest Toyota Vios. However, while they present a higher quality image, the operation of the fan speed knob is flawed in the same way as the one in the Vios. Most people would instinctively grip the outer surface of the circular knob assuming it is for adjusting the speed – but actually it is the smaller knob in the middle of the large knob that does it. It takes some getting used to and it’s surprising that the interior designers got it wrong. The fitment of the audio head unit is also done in a neat integrated manner rather than slotting a 2-DIN panel in.
Further down, a removable astray cylinder is provided which can be slotted into either of the shallow cupholders. There’s no additional 12V socket in the dashboard but there is one in the cargo area which should be useful for powering vacuum cleaners. The shift lever location differs from the BeGo sold in Japan in that it is further back towards the handbrake lever whereas the Daihatsu version has it at the base of the centre console and angled more sharply.

Of note is the inclusion of a multi-information display which is incorporated in the speedometer. The LCD panel shows the time of the day, trip distance (dual displays), cumulative mileage, average fuel consumption in litres/100 kms, range with the fuel remaining in the 50-litre tank, and the temperature of the air outside the Nautica.

The cargo area is obviously much greater than before and accessible by opening the side-hinged door on which the spare wheel is mounted. With the floor height 640 mm from the ground, it’s easy to slide heavy items onto the carpeted area. The backrests are divided in a 60:40 ratio so one or both can be folded down for flexibility. For maximum storage, the entire rear seat can be flipped forward against the backs of the front seats and a catalogue picture shows that a racing bicycle can be accommodated diagonally with the front wheel installed too.

Being a SUV means that storage space is important for those whose activities require all sorts of gear, not to mention drinks and food. The interior designers have provided quite a lot of storage areas around the cabin and even in the floor. The front door pockets are also wide enough to slot a small water bottle in and sunglasses or the remote control for the gate can be kept in a drop-down compartment above the rearview mirror.

Small doesn’t mean less safe and through careful engineering, the structure of the Nautica is designed to dissipate collision forces before they harm the occupants. The frontal areas are also pedestrian-friendly and will reduce injuries to the head and legs if an accident occurs. Inside, there are two front airbags which work together with the seatbelts that have pre-tensioners and force-limiters to optimize restraint. The brake pedal is also designed in such a way that it will not cause injury to the driver’s feet and legs in the event of a severe collision where the front end is compressed.

ABS is standard to prevent wheel lock-up on slippery roads and enable the driver to retain steering control while braking. There is also Brake Assist to boost braking pressure in emergency situations and Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD) to optimize braking according to the load on board. EBD can actually reduce braking distances as it balances the braking forces between the front and rear brakes to get the best out of the stopping power.

Little needs to be said about build quality since this model is built in Japan and most of the parts are also sourced from Japan. For now, you can get it either in Grey or Black and standard accessories include a rear roof spoiler and bee-sting antenna. The door mirrors which fold at the touch of a button also have signal indicators built into their housings.



Now for the shocker: the Nautica costs RM89,900 (with insurance). Yes, it’s much higher than any Perodua sold before and in recent times, the most expensive model has been under RM60,000. So it is a different price segment that Perodua is entering and there are many skeptics who think it’s crazy to do so. There was no way Perodua could offer the Nautica any cheaper since MoF won’t give any waiver or even reduction on import duties so it is taxed just like any model from Japan. If it came from another Asean country, like the Rush, then it could be imported with a 5% import duty as per AFTA but there is no such version being made in Indonesia or Thailand.

Whether the Malaysian public will accept a Perodua that costs RM89,900 remains to be seen and it really depends on the strength of the brand image today. Much has gone into brand building in recent years to try to get away from the cheap image that it started off with and make it a brand of choice. Given the serious and consistent efforts to raise build quality and after-sales service, Perodua has succeeded to some extent.

“We are striving to reach a point where people buy a Perodua not because it is the cheapest available but because they actually want and trust our brand. We are No. 1 in sales but not necessarily in the hearts of our customers - yet,” said Datuk Syed Abdull Hafiz. He is hoping for the day when the Perodua badge on a model will not be drawback and it will be regarded like any other global brand. However, he acknowledges that there is still a lot of work to be done and some way to go before Perodua really becomes a global brand and he is not going to ‘jump the gun’ and make ridiculous declarations like Perodua being ‘Malaysia’s answer to the Mini’ or something like that. He would like to see the brand firmly established in the hearts and minds of Malaysians first before embarking on more ambitious plans beyond our borders.

The Nautica will be a good test of how Malaysians regard Perodua today and besides that, by offering a model at this price will enable the company to more easily adjust its prices later on if and when the government decides to remove all special privileges for national carmakers and their prices will need to be revised upwards.

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1000cc White

0 comments Thursday, 8 May 2008
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X-Cite

0 comments Tuesday, 6 May 2008
Modenas X-cite is the latest motorcycle model launced by Modenas on 12 September 2006 as the largest Cubä»” model ever manufactured by Modenas to compete with the water-cooled Yamaha Y135LC.

The main features of the Modenas X-cite are as follows:-
  1. Fuel tank which is accessible at the front, just below the handlebars which can be opened
  2. via ignition key slot
  3. Large underseat storage compartment.
  4. Tachometer
  5. Keihin constant-velocity carburetor with throttle position sensor
  6. Ignition slot cover for better protection against theft
  7. Molybdenum-coated piston
  • Max power: 7.18 kW @ 7,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 10.7 N·m @ 5,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 130.4 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 53.0 x 59.1 mm
  • Compression ratio: 10:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 3.8 L
  • Dry weight: 102.5 kg
  • Transmission: 4-speed rotary
  • Max speed: About 150 km/h
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Passion

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Modenas Passion is the latest scooter model launched by Modenas on January 2006. Using a pair of 14-inch cast iron wheels, Modenas Passion has a direct competition with Yamaha eGo. is very good

  • Max power: 7.1 kW @ 7,750 rpm
  • Max torque: 9.3 N·m @ 6,7850 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 124.9 cc
  • Dry weight: 97 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 130 km/h
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Kristar

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Kristar was launched by Modenas at the end of 2004. Modenas decided to produce Kristar as their all-new model after nearly a decade of Modenas Kriss production.

Even though Kristar uses the same engine as Kriss, Modenas claimed that Kristar achieved better fuel economy of 46.95 km/L @ 90 km/h, compared with Kriss with the fuel economy of 44 km/L @ 90 km/h. The increase of fuel economy is due to the installation of te fuel tank breather tube connected to the inlet manifold for better fuel emission and better fuel economy.

Besides of the new design and better fuel economy, Kristar also features an underseat compartment that can be opened from the same ignition key slot, dual headlights, stylish superbike-like muffler and rear light failure detection system which claimed by Modenas as the only model equipped with this system
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Elegan

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At the end of February 2004, Modenas launched their first water-cooled scooter, Modenas Elegan. This model is targeted for those who wants to travel long distances. In addition to more powerful water-cooled engine, Elegan scooter features a large gasoline tank accessible under the handlebars, large underseat storage compartment, and digital meter panel for odometer, fuel gauge and thermometer. The engine cylinder is coated with Ni-Si ceramic for better reliability during long distance travels.
  • Max power: 130 PS (9.56 kW) @ 8,000 rpm
  • Max torque: 11.7 N·m @ 6,000 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 4-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, water-cooled
  • Displacement: 149.6 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 57 x 58.6 mm
  • Compression ratio: 11:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 8.5 L (± 0.3 L reserve)
  • Dry weight: 144 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 130 ~ 140 km/h
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Dinamik

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After years producing only 4 stroke powered motorcycles, Modenas launched its first 2-stroke motorcycle, Dinamik together with Elit and Ceria scooters. Modenas claimed that this model exceeded Euro 2 emission standards without the addition of a catalytic converter.
This model was built by Modenas as a preparation to take part in Malaysian Cub Prix tournament which are currently dominated by Yamaha. machines. During the tournament, Modenas increases the displacement up to 125 cc to provide more power and torque.

  • Max power: 12.5 kW @ 9,000 rpm
  • Max torque: 14.1 N-m @ 8,000 rpm
  • Engine type: 2-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 118 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 54 x 51.8 mm
  • Compression ratio: 7.3:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.6 L
  • Dry weight: 98 kg
  • Transmission: 6-speed manual
  • Max speed: About 150 km/h
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Ceria

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Modenas Ceria scooter was launched together with the Elit model. This scooter uses smaller 101 cc engine, making Ceria as the scooter with the smallest displacement ever built by Modenas.

  • Max power: 5.5 kW @ 7,750 rpm
  • Max torque: 7.38 N·m @ 6,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 101 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 51.5 x 48.5 mm
  • Compression ratio: 10.5:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 6.7 L
  • Dry weight: 98 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 90 km/h
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Elit

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On August 2003, Modenas launched three models at once in order to face the fierce competition of Malaysian scooter market with imported cheap models from China and Taiwan.
Modenas Elit scooter was launched as an alternative to Karisma model, comes with two displacement choices - 125 cc model and the larger, more powerful 150 cc model. Besides, another 150cc model which is known as Modenas Elit Sports was launched, with more aggessive engine tuning and different chassis and body design.
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Karisma 125

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During these recent years, more and more scooter models were introduced in Malaysia. However, Kawasaki never produced any scooters, therefore Modenas had to source from a Taiwanese scooter company for the technology transfer.

The earliest production batches suffered poor handling, and after some improvements the handling of this model became better and Modenas Karisma dominmates the Malaysian scooter market since 2004.


  • Max power: 6.8 kW @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 9.3 N·m (0.95 kgf·m) @ 7,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 124.9 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 51.5 x 60 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.2:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 7.5 L
  • Dry weight: 105 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 110 km/h
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Jaguh 175

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In 1999, Modenas built a small cruiser model based on popular Kawasaki Vulcan cruiser series. The model is aimed for bikers who wish to own large American cruiser motorcycles but cannot afford to own them due to very high taxes on imported motorcycles placed by the government and also due to refusal of the banks to finance loans on large motorcycles.


  • Max power: 16 PS (11.8 kW) @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 13.7 N·m (1.4 kgf·m) @ 7,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 174 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 65 x 52.4 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.0:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 14 L
  • Dry weight: 132 kg
  • Transmission: 5-speed
  • Max speed: About 130 ~ 140 km/h
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KR3 500cc

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The Modenas KR3 was the first racing motorcycle ever produced by Modenas. It featured a 500cc V3 engine which was different from most 500cc Motorcycle GP which used 4-cylinder engines. The KR3 was built by Modenas for Modenas KR Motorcycle Grand Prix team from 1997 to 2001 before teken over by Proton from 2002 to 2004 with the same machine before the team moved to Proton KR V5 machines.

  • Engine Type: 2-stroke, water-cooled V3
  • Cylinder: Aluminium, chrome plated
  • Piston: Cast aluminium, one piston ring
  • Bore x stroke: 59.6 x 59.6 mm
  • Displacement: 498 cc
  • Inlet system: Crankcase Reed Valve, Keihin carburetors
  • Ignition: Programmable ECU, CDI
  • Max horsepower: More than 175PS @ 12,200rpm
  • Transmission: 6-speed constant mesh, with alternative ratios
  • Clutch: Dry multiplate clutch
  • Frame Type: Twin-Spar fabricated aluminium
  • Front suspension: Inverted-type telescopic Ohlins fork
  • Rear suspension: Link type, Ohlins shock
  • Front brake: Brembo, Twin carbon discs
  • Rear brake: Brembo, single steel disc
  • Wheels: 17 inches front & rear
  • Wheelbase: 1370 mm
  • Weight: 116 kg approx.
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Kriss 100

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After the success of Kriss variants to dominate 110 cc small motorcycle segment in Malaysian market, Modenas launched another Kriss variant, this time with a 97 cc engine developed by Modenas. This model uses the same chassis and components as its other Kriss 'brothers' except the engine. However, there's no disc brake option available for Kriss 100.
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Kriss 110 SE

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This is the Modenas Newest Kriss Motorcycle. Since Kriss is the most good selling motorcycle in Malaysia (rather than Kristar), Modenas decided to bring Kriss back and called them Kriss 110 SE (Second Edition)

  • Max power: 9.0 PS (6.6 kW) @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 9.3 N·m (0.95 kgf·m) @ 4,000 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 111 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 53 x 50.6 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.0:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.3 L
  • Dry weight: 96 kg
  • Transmission: 4 speed with automatic centrifugal clutch
  • Max speed: about 135 km/h
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Kriss 110

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Modenas Kriss is the first model launched by Modenas in 1996. The model is actually named after a Malay traditional weapon, keris, though some motorcycle shops in the United Kingdom had mistakenly advertised the model to be named from the acronym of a famous American motorcycle racer, Kenny Roberts due to the fact that Modenas had once built some racing motorcycles for Modenas KR Motorcycle Grand Prix team.

It was previewed to the public during Malaysian National Day parade in 1996 and began production at the end of 1996. The original model only uses drum brakes, but in 1999 the front disc brake model was launched, known as Kriss 2 (or Kriss 115 Sports in some countries). Powered by 111-cc Kawasaki-developed engines, Modenas Kriss becomes the best-selling motorcycle model in Malaysia.

Another Kriss variant known as Kriss SG was launched in 2002. However, unlike other Kriss variants, this model didn't sell very well due to its outdated design.
All Kriss series variants outcame major cosmetic changes in 2003 especially at the lights for newer, better looks.

In 2005, all Kriss 110 variants have been phased out to make way for production of Kristar, leaving only Kriss 100 as the sole variant of Kriss. However, Modenas decided to bring back the Kriss 110 into production in August 2006 due to extremely high demand from the customers, which is known as Kriss 110SE.
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Naza Suria

0 comments Monday, 5 May 2008
The Kia Morning, known as the Kia Picanto in export markets (except in Chile, where it is badged with its original name and Taiwan where it is known as the Kia EuroStar), and the Naza Suria in Malaysia, is a low cost city car produced in South Korea by Kia Motors (internal model index SA).

The Morning/Picanto is based on a shortened platform of the Hyundai Getz. It is available with either 1.0 or 1.1 L petrol engines. A 3-cylinder diesel engine (based on the Kia Cerato's 1.5 CRD four-cylinder unit), with direct injection and a variable geometry turbocharger, has been available in the European market since Spring 2004, with power reaching 75 PS (55 kW). The Morning is 3495 mm long with a five-door hatchback body. Automatic gearboxes are optional in the petrol units.

To increase its appeal in the European market, the Morning/Picanto is equipped with such features as a MP3 enabled CD Player, air conditioning, front and rear electric windows, remote central locking, and electric mirrors.
A locally assembled version of the Kia Picanto is sold in Malaysia under the Naza badge, as the Naza Suria.

The Picanto is due for a facelifted model to be introduced in Europe in late 2007.
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Naza Sorento

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The Kia Sorento is a compact SUV produced since 2003 by the Korean automaker Kia Motors.
In Malaysia Kia Sorento also called Naza Sorento produced by Naza Group.

It has two transmission options: a 5-speed manual or 4/5-speed automatic transmission (pre-2005 models have a 4 speed automatic, whilst 2005 Sorentos come with a 5 speed tip-tronic style automatic transmission). Sorentos are equipped with a Hyundai-manufactured 3.5L 24-valve DOHC V6 producing 192 hp (143 kW) at 5500 rpm, and 217 lb·ft (294 N·m) of torque @ 3,000 rpm. The Sorento is very capable off-road, with an automatic four-wheel drive system featuring low range gearing. A sport package is available for the LX base model which adds a 5 speed manual transmission, fog lamps, alloy wheels, step bars, a leather wrapped steering wheel, a roof rack and remote keyless entry. All American Sorentos also come with dual front airbags and dual side-curtain airbags in the front and rear. The 4x4 system is a shift-on-the-fly nob located usually on the lower panel to the left of the steering column. Three modes available are Two-Wheel Drive, Four-High, and Four-Low. On-dash indicators show when the Four Wheel Drive System is active.

Common features of the Sorento family are 4 wheel disc brakes (standard on all models) Optional anti-lock braking system, and a 21.1-gallon fuel tank. Also standard is a battery saving feature which prevents wearing out the battery by leaving your headlights turned on (a shutoff engages when the key is removed from the ignition, even if the lights were left turned on). The chassis of the vehicle is also based on a ladder frame design which is more often used in building trucks. This lends a rigidity to the Sorento that other vehicles in its class lack, even at the same price point. (See Also: unibody)
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Naza Citra

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The Citra is redefining MPV in a whole new class through technological breakthroughs. The sleek vehicle houses a powerful 2.0 Double Overhead Cam (DOHC) engine which marks true craftsmanship and technology. The engine delivers an impressive output of 138ps @ 6,000 rpm and a maximum torque of 174.6N.m & 4,500 rpm. Citra is also fitted with a front-engine/ front-wheel-drive configuration for maximum traction - ideal for wet and slippery driving. To maintain a high degree of driving excellence, Citra is equipped with gas filled dampers and coil springs that delivers superior and precision handling.

Citra is manufactured at the Naza Automotive Manufacturing (NAM) in Gurun, Kedah. The plant covers a massive 140 acres and visions to emerge as Asean's biggest automotive manufacturer. Since establishment, the plant was tasked to assemble Ria and continues to play an important role in heightening the local automotive industry leading towards becoming a key player in the South - East Asia region.
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Naza Ria

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The Naza Ria is a minivan produced by Naza Group. It is known in the UK and North America as the Kia Sedona. It had a base price starting at around US$20,000, which was lower than most competing minivans. The later, smaller Kia Rondo has continued this tradtion. It is available in the United States with a 3.5 L DOHC V6 engine producing 195 hp (145 kW) SAE (145 kW), and many other countries with a 2.9 L DOHC turbodiesel, with 144 PS (142 hp SAE/106 kW). A 2.5 L V6 is available in some markets. A 5-speed manual transmission is standard for the smaller engines, with a 4-speed automatic transmission available as an optional. A 5-speed automatic is the only transmission in the American market. The Kia was Kia's top-selling vehicle in the United States when it launched.

In the United States, it is available in a base short-wheel base model, a long-wheelbase mid-level LX model and a top of the line long-wheelbase EX model.

The Naza Ria is produced for the Chinese market by the Dongfeng Yueda Kia Automobile Company, a joint venture with Kia.
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Naza Sutera

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The Naza Sutera is a city car from Malaysian manufacturer, Naza and is distributed and sold by the Naza Group's new subsidiary company Naza Corporation.
Introduced on the 22nd of April 2006 by Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi, the Sutera was based on the Hafei Lobo by Hafei Motor. which was styled & engineered by Pininfarina and features a Lotus-tuned suspension.

Lotus took care of the NVH (Noise, Vibration & Harshness), as well as Ride & Handling aspects of the base model. Naza R&D improved upon the base design and engineered a right-hand drive conversion, and also enhanced the front end, updating hood (with power bulge), headlights and bumper. The Minor Model Change (MMC) work was done in collaboration with LG CNS in South Korea. Engine management is by Bosch, while some of the EFI components are from Siemens-VDO.

The 1.1 L straight-4 engine is an all-aluminium DOHC 16-Valve design from Harbin Dong-An Engine Manufacturing Company, a joint venture between Harbin Aviation, MCIC Holdings (Malaysian) & Mitsubishi Motors which has an output of about 65 PS (48 kW). Transmission is a 5-speed manual type, and an automatic is being explored.

It has a high level of equipment, including dual airbags, door intrusion bars, MP3 CD tuner & 6-speakers, 60:40 folding rear seats and height-adjustable ELR seatbelts.
Several distributors/dealers have been appointed in Malta, Cyprus, United Kingdom, Pakistan, India & Nepal
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Naza Sutera

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The Naza Sutera is a city car from Malaysian manufacturer, Naza and is distributed and sold by the Naza Group's new subsidiary company Naza Corporation.
Introduced on the 22nd of April 2006 by Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi, the Sutera was based on the Hafei Lobo by Hafei Motor. which was styled & engineered by Pininfarina and features a Lotus-tuned suspension.


Lotus took care of the NVH (Noise, Vibration & Harshness), as well as Ride & Handling aspects of the base model. Naza R&D improved upon the base design and engineered a right-hand drive conversion, and also enhanced the front end, updating hood (with power bulge), headlights and bumper. The Minor Model Change (MMC) work was done in collaboration with LG CNS in South Korea. Engine management is by Bosch, while some of the EFI components are from Siemens-VDO.


The 1.1 L straight-4 engine is an all-aluminium DOHC 16-Valve design from Harbin Dong-An Engine Manufacturing Company, a joint venture between Harbin Aviation, MCIC Holdings (Malaysian) & Mitsubishi Motors which has an output of about 65 PS (48 kW). Transmission is a 5-speed manual type, and an automatic is being explored.


It has a high level of equipment, including dual airbags, door intrusion bars, MP3 CD tuner & 6-speakers, 60:40 folding rear seats and height-adjustable ELR seatbelts.
Several distributors/dealers have been appointed in Malta, Cyprus, United Kingdom, Pakistan, India & Nepal
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Perodua Viva

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The Perodua Viva is a city car manufactured by Malaysian automaker Perodua since May 10, 2007. It was originally planned to be the replacement of Perodua's current city cars - the Perodua Kancil and the Perodua Kelisa. Once launched, decided to market it as a Kelisa replacement only, and will continue to sell the Kancil. The Perodua Viva is based on the 6th generation Daihatsu Mira. All of the Perodua Viva grades uses Daihatsu DVVT engines. Only the Premium version comes with dual airbag and ABS.
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Perodua Myvi

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The Perodua Myvi is a supermini/subcompact car launched in 2005 by Malaysian car maker Perodua. The Myvi was the result of Perodua's collaboration with Toyota and Daihatsu. Based on the second generation Daihatsu Sirion/Boon, the MyVi is also similar in design as the Toyota Passo.

The launch of the Perodua Myvi was significant as it marked first time Perodua competed head-to-head with Proton, the first Malaysian national car maker, which would release a similarly classed Proton Savvy.

Early reports[citation needed] indicated the Myvi led in both sales and popularity against the Savvy. The Myvi 1.3 beat the Savvy 1.2 as the "Car of the Year 2005/2006", held by Autocar Malaysia, a magazine for car buyers in Malaysia. The Edge Daily, a local financial news media reported that Myvi sales have far surpassed its initial expectations and has been selling extremely well since its rollout in April.

Proton's Savvy, available to the market a few months after the launch of the MyVi, had not affected Myvi sales. Observing the strong demand for the Myvi, it boosted sales of vehicles in the country and Perodua's market share in 2006. The MyVi is the best selling car for 2006 and 2007 in Malaysia.

The car was made available in five variations: 1.0SR (manual), 1.3SX (manual), 1.3EZ (auto), 1.3SXi (manual), and 1.3EZi (auto). Perodua also launched a limited edition of MyVi, branded as a "Sport Edition", which sports a full bodykit. The MyVi was also made available with dual airbag, ABS, and DVVT engine.

Colors available on the MyVi include Ebony Black, Olive Green, Glittering Silver, Ozzy Orange, Classic Gold, Mistique Red, Mocha Silver and Pearl White.
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Perodua Kelisa

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The Perodua Kelisa was a city car manufactured by Malaysian automaker Perodua from 2001 to 2007. The car was an unofficial successor to the Perodua Kancil, but was offered by Perodua alongside the Kancil until both models were replaced by the Perodua Viva in 2007.

The Kelisa was, in all its releases, based on a fifth generation Daihatsu Mira, and is named after the Arowana fish native to Malaysia (ikan kelisa). The Kelisa was made available in two iterations: The first, which debuted in 2001, was intended to bear similarities to the 1999 Perodua Kancil at the front, including the headlights and grille; the second iteration, introduced in 2002, was given a minor facelift to feature modified and lower profile bumpers, and a grille that extended wider to reach the headlights. The second iteration would go on to replace the original Kelisa outright in the Perodua lineup. The Kelisa was popular amongst Malaysian drivers for its relatively good power-to-weight ratio, affordable price and low fuel consumption.[verification needed]

The Kelisa was released in several "special" editions. A limited-edition Kelisa, based on the original variant, prominently sports two-toned colored paintwork and minor interior modifications. Later, the interior of the second Kelisa was given a few modifications and the exterior a modern Metallic Pearl Jade finish—a light double metallic colour—which Perodua marketed under the name Kelisa Imago.

As Perodua has sold its vehicles to the United Kingdom since 1997, the Kelisa was introduced into the country in January 2002 as a replacement to the Nippa, a rebadged Kancil.
Production and marketing of the Kelisa, along with the Kancil, was officially halted following the release of the Perodua Viva in May 2007. Due to similarities in size and vehicle model they are derived from, the Viva is intended to succeed the Kelisa and the Kancil, both of which had been in production for 6 years and 13 years, respectively.
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Perodua Kenari

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The Perodua Kenari is a small five-seat compact car or supermini car produced by Malaysian automotive company Perodua. The Kenari is based on the first and second generation Daihatsu Move kei car (minicar) but is powered by a 1.0 litre DOHC engine. In 2004, the Perodua Kenari was given a new facelite with adhere front lamp. The name Kenari is a malay name from a bird species.

The Kenari GX/EZ, available in manual (GX) or automatic (EZ) transmissions with normal stylings. The GX variant was the first iteration of the Kenari to be release, but is no longer available for sale from Perodua. In the past there also a more basic version came simply with a solid body color with unpainted front and rear bumpers. The price tag for the Kenari EZ is RM40,500

Kenari AERO GX/EZ, available in manual (GX) or automatic (EZ) transmissions with an aero kits. The price tag for the Kenari AERO GX is RM41,500 while for EZ is RM44,000.

Kenari RS, sold with sporty accessories similar to the Daihatsu Move Custom but available only with an automatic transmission. The price tag for the Kenari RS is RM45,000.
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Perodua Kembara

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The Perodua Kembara is a mini SUV, first released in 1997 by the Japanese car manufacturer Daihatsu. The engine was a modified Daihatsu Charade 1.3 litre engine, with constant four wheel
drive. It comes in 5-speed manual transmission or 4-speed automatic transmission. The second generation of Kembara is co-developed by Daihatsu and Toyota.

The first generation of its history was available as 4 door wagon, and the smaller model( K-car ) called Terios Kid, which was only released in Japan.
In 2000, Daihatsu gave the Terios a mild facelift both in the exterior and interior of the vehicle. A new chrome grille replaced the plastic black grille. The high-grade model had an addition of electric front windows, central locking, rear seat head restraints, alloy wheels, roof rails and a roof-mounted rear spoiler. Mechanically, the 1.3 litre SOHC four cylinder engine fitted to the previous model had been replaced by the new 1.3 litre DOHC four cylinder engine. Power was also increased by 3 kW (4 hp). A sport version of K3-VT engine were produced on Japan in several period.

In Australia, a sports limited edition series was introduced in 2001 with only 200 units being available. The vehicle had body colour matching bumpers, different from the two-tone bumper colour on the standard model. Rear spoiler and sunroof became standard. The interior was updated with metallic paint finish on the center console and instrument binnacle surround, white-faced dials and sports seats.

In Chile Daihatsu Terios was very popular.
In Malaysia Perodua Kembara is the first ever SUV car.

The first-generation Daihatsu Terios is also known as Toyota Cami. In Malaysia and China the car is locally assemble, know as Perodua Kembara and FAW Huali Dario Terios.

While the Zotye 2008 is apparently a bootlegged, unauthorized copy of the car, which caused some controversy."Toyota Cami" was introduced with "Dancing baby" CF in Japan, which CG-drawned many babies dance in avant-garde style.

In Indonesia, this car know as Daihatsu Taruna which have longer rear-based body capable for 7 seat and a difference facelite. But there also newer model are now referred as "Terios".
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Perodua Rusa

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The Perodua Rusa is a microvan manufactured by Malaysian automaker Perodua, and based on the Daihatsu Zebra and Daihatsu Hijet Maxx. Launched on March 6, 1996, with a 1.3 litre engine, followed by the 1.6 litre range on May 14, 1997, the Rusa is the first van to be produced by a Malaysian automotive company.

Three variations of Rusa vans are offered: The CX (1.3 litre, two seat version), the EX (1.3 litre, five seat version) and the GX (1.6 litre, seven seat version). The CX is primarily intended to serve as a freight vehicle, while the EX and GX are intended for private use. The van is also used by Malaysian police and fire fighting forces.

The vehicle's name "Rusa" is a Malay translation of "Deer". Later replaced by the Perodua logo, the van's original logo was a galloping deer.
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TD2000

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TD Cars (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd is a private limited company, which was incorporated in Malaysia in 1998. Its shareholders are mainly Malaysian businessmen (85%) and Australian businessmen (15%). The company's business activities center around the manufacture, distribution and sale of the TD2000 classic sports car made in Malaysia. In 1998, the company acquired the rights, intellectual properties and trade marks associated with the production of the TD2000 Roadster which was originally developed in Australia.

In 1998, Malaysian businessman Edward Teo acquired the rights, intellectual properties, and trademarks associated with the production of the TD2000 Roadster from the MG TD that was originally developed in United Kingdom.
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